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2004年3月全国公共英语考试二级笔试真题(四)

作者:编辑部sun 文章来源:国和网校 发布时间:2011-11-11

2004年3月全国公共英语考试二级笔试真题(四)预览_试题下载  

    C

  Everyone wants the best for a baby. A mother wants her baby to have the best in the way of food, toys, clothing and equipment. Her value judgements on prices may go wrong when it comes to buying for a baby, particularly the first one. Factory producers and advertisers(广告商) recognize this, and exploit it to the full. Far more is spent in buying push-chairs, special milk, and special powders for small babies than is necessary.

 

  The child himself watches television, a particularly strong influence ( 影响) on Small children. Looking at them as they watch television, and then watching them react to products afterwards, suggests that young children accept the television advertisements as well as the guidance offered by children' s programmes , and find both equally attractive. The child comes early in life to the feeling widespread in this country that if something is said on television it must be true.

 

  For this reason much Christmas gift advertising, and advertising for sweets, food and washing powders, is specially designed for children because of the effect their repeated nagging can have on their mothers. By exercising in this way they become consumers (消费者) at an early age and as a result, with present-day pressures, choosing and buying goods and services will remain an important part of their future lives

  64. According to the writer, a mother spends more than necessary on___________.

  [ A ] Christmas advertising

  [ B ] special powders

  [ C ] television

  [ D ] sweets

 

  65. The underlined word "nagging" most probably means____________.

  [ A ] repeated demands

  [ B ] baby powders

  [ C ] TV services

  [ D ] children' s programmes

 

  66. Which of the following statements is best supported by the text?

  [ A ] Children like both TV advertisements and children' s programmes.

  [ B ] TV programmes often advertise the best products for children.

  [ C ] Mothers encourage children to buy products advertised on TV.

  [ D ] TV advertisements provide the best advice to choose gifts.

 

  67. The best title for the text could be____________.

  [ A ] Mothers and babies

  [ B ] Children as consumers

  [ C ] Giving the best to babies

  [ D ] Choosing goods for children

 

  D

  The number of people in the world is growing. By the year 2,000 world population is expected to grow to 6.2 billion. The fastest growth is in developing countries, where there is already a shortage(短缺) of food, housing, and jobs. Africa is the fastest-growing part of the world. In Kenya, for example, the population will increase 10 times in the next 80 years.

 

  In Asia, a few countries have begun to reduce their population growth slowly, china still makes up about 21% of the world's population, but it has greatly slowed down its rate(速度) of growth. It is now growing at a rate of only 0.8% per year. In India, however, the population continues to grow, and it is expected to be even larger than the Chinese population by the year 2040.The population in India is growing three times faster than in Australia, Japan, and the developed countries in Europe. In fact, European people are more worried about population decrease(减少)than increase. Eastern European countries are growing at a rate of only about 1%.

 

  The best news is that, in general, population growth has slowed down from 2.08% in 1970 to 1.6% in 1985. At the present rate, the earliest that the world could reach zero population growth is 2040. At that time, there will probably be about 8 billion people in the world. It is possible, though, that the population might not really stop growing until much later. With people living longer, the number of elderly will have grown by 15% by that time. Nearly half of the world' s population will be living in cities. This is a situation that could cause a long list of other problems including pollution and a lack of food, water, housing, and jobs.

  68. Which of the following is the best title for the text?

  [ A ] Decrease of World Population

  [ B ] Population Growth Has Stopped

  [ C ] World Population—A Look Into the Future

  [ D ] China' s Population—One Fifth of the World Population

 

  69. Among all the countries mentioned in the text, the one with the highest growth rate is_______.

  [ A ] India

  [ B ] China

  [ C ] Japan

  [ D ] Kenya

 

  70. People in European countries are more concerned about the fact that__________.

  [ A ] they do not have enough jobs for people

  [ B ] many people from the countryside come to live in the cities

  [ C ] the population in developing countries is not decreasing

  [ D ] their populations are falling

 

  71. Which of the following facts is best supported by the text?

  [ A ] There will be a number of problems in cities in the future.

  [ B ] The world population will stop growing in 2040.

  [ C ] 15 percent of the world population will be elderly people.

  [ D ] Kenya will have the biggest population in the world.

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